How are Eurovision acts chosen for each country? – Rules and voting revealed
Eurovision: Pat Sharp predicts UK will score poorly
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Eurovision is more complicated than it may first appear. The show goes through a long selection process to make sure each country is bringing their best for the final show. But how are acts chosen each year?
How are Eurovision acts chosen for each country?
Each year every country that is participating in the Eurovision Song Contest must choose a performance ahead of the show.
This act must be chosen, with a song produced at least two months before the contest itself, as Eurovision showcases each act in advance before the show.
This year, there was a total of 39 performances from 39 different countries taking part in the show, all from Europe and beyond – Australia recently dropped out during the first semi-final.
Each act is represented by a broadcaster, in the UK it is the BBC, and it is up to that broadcaster to decide who will represent the nation.
There are a total of 44 broadcasters that are allowed to participate in Eurovision during any one year.
The way these broadcasters determine who will perform can vary from country to country, with some putting it to a pre-show public vote.
The BBC has traditionally done this, with the series Eurovision: You Decide, in which various acts compete to represent the UK during the final show.
The series last ran in 2019, with disruption being caused by the COVID-19 pandemic across 2020 and 2021.
According to the Eurovision official website, eurovision.tv, the selection process can be either televised or determined solely by the broadcaster.
It states: “Each participating broadcaster that represents their country chooses their performer (maximum six people) and song (maximum three minutes, not released before) through a national televised selection, or through an internal selection.”
As per tradition, the UK is guaranteed a position in the final of the show, avoiding the semi-finals entirely.
This is because the UK is a member of the original Big Five countries, which also includes France, Spain, Italy and Germany.
Overall, six nations can have a confirmed place in the final before the semi-finals, the Big Five and the host nation.
Often, the process to choose the act is a combination of internal and external factors, with state broadcasters deciding upon a selection of acts with the public voting for them.
The European Broadcasting Union or EBU states: “Often, an artist is appointed by the broadcaster, while the public can help choose their song during a live television show.”
It also adds: “The EBU strongly encourages participating broadcasters to engage the public with the selection of a participant for the Eurovision Song Contest.”
Ahead of tonight’s (May 20) second semi-final, fans are sharing their support for the acts they want to win.
Taking to Twitter, one fan said: “Italy and France exact tie in the final, Eurovision 2022 has to be hosted at the top of mont blanc.”
Another fan added: “Oh can’t wait. Loved some of those songs in the 1st one. Ukraine and Azerbaijan, my faves so far”
A third said: “Really pulling for Greece and Serbia tonight!”
Eurovision is available to watch on May 20 and May 22 on BBC Four and BBC One.
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