Tertiary Entrance Guide 2020: Separating facts from fiction
There are many stories surrounding the ATAR and the scaling of VCE studies. With students about to receive their ATAR, now is an ideal time to look at the facts and not the fiction.
- You need to do "hard" studies to get a good ATAR.
- If you do studies that are scaled up you will automatically get a high ATAR.
- If you do studies that are scaled down you will get a low ATAR.
The study score provided to you by the Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority (VCAA) reflects your relative position against other students doing that study. It does not provide a comparison against other students doing different studies.
The scaling process, used to construct VTAC scaled study scores from VCE study scores, adjusts scores so that there is no scoring incentive to select one study rather than another. It is false to assume that there is an advantage in choosing studies which are scaled up: scaling up compensates for what would otherwise be a disadvantage.
- Jess chose a study because it was likely to be scaled up, but she was not very interested or strong at it. She got a VCE study score of 20 for the study, which was scaled up to a VTAC scaled study score of 26. This was lower than the rest of her VTAC scaled study scores, all scaled down to between 32 and 34. Jess would have been better off choosing all her studies based on her interests and strengths.
- Sam, on the other hand, chose all their studies based on their strengths and interests. Sam still selected two studies that were scaled down, but got VCE study scores of 38 for one and 40 for the other. These were scaled down to 36 and 39 respectively. These were about the same as the rest of Sam’s VTAC scaled study scores, which were around 38 to 39. Sam was not disadvantaged by choosing those studies.
When the VTAC scaled study scores are added together and translated into an ATAR, it is likely that Sam will receive a higher ATAR than Jess, even though two of their studies were scaled down.
An additional five points are added to the ATAR if you do a VCE language.
There is a language adjustment applicable to languages other than English, however the adjustment is made as part of the scaling process for each language, not the ATAR. Five points are added to the scaled mean of each VCE language, not to the scores of individual students. All students receive an increase, but it is not the same for all students. For study scores at or close to 30, the increase is five, but it decreases as the score moves away from 30 in either direction. The language adjustment is already included in the scaled scores.
The ATAR is a score out of 100.
The ATAR is a ranking, not a score. There is no pass or fail ATAR. Every VCE student who receives an ATAR has successfully completed the VCE. An ATAR of 50.00 is not the pass rank, nor is it the average rank. An ATAR of 50.00 means you have performed better than 50% of the year 12 age group.
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