Police seize DIY weapons found at home of Japanese ex-PM's 'assassin'

Police seize DIY weapons found at home of Japanese ex-PM Shinzo Abe’s ‘assassin’ including nine-barrel ‘shotgun’ controlled by mobile phone: Suspect set to be charged with murder tomorrow

  • Police have seized a number of improvised firearms from the home of former PM’s killer Tetsuya Yamagami
  • Nara prefectural police chief Tomoaki Onizuka said assassination was his ‘greatest regret’ in a 27-year career
  • Shinzo Abe, 67, Japan’s former PM and a towering political figure, was shot dead while campaigning on Friday
  • Abe, the country’s longest-serving leader, was shot twice as he gave a speech in the city of Nara at 11.30am
  • GRAPHIC CONTENT WARNING: This story contains graphic content which some readers may find distressing 

Police have seized DIY weapons found at the home of Japanese ex-PM Shinzo Abe’s ‘assassin’ including a nine-barrel ‘shotgun’ controlled by a mobile phone, as the suspect is set to be charged with murder tomorrow.

Weapons found at Tetsuya Yamagami’s home included both a five and nine-barrelled shotgun, which appear to be electrically fired.

It comes as a top police official admitted that security lapses did allow an assassin to get close behind and fire his gun at former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe while he was addressing a campaign rally.

Abe was shot in the western city of Nara on Friday and airlifted to a hospital but died of blood loss. Police arrested Yamagami, a former member of Japan’s navy, at the scene. 

Video on Japanese television showed a man calmly approaching Japan’s longest-serving prime minister from behind and firing.

Wiry and bespectacled with shaggy hair, the suspect was seen stepping into the road behind Abe, who was standing on a riser at an intersection, before unloading two shots from a 40-cm-long (16-inch) weapon wrapped with black tape. He was tackled by police at the scene.

Police confiscated Yamagami’s homemade gun and several others were later found at his apartment.

Police have seized DIY weapons found at the home of Japanese ex-PM Shinzo Abe’s ‘assassin’ Tetsuya Yamagami. Pictured, a DIY weapon with five barrels

Weapons found at Tetsuya Yamagami’s home included both a five and nine-barrelled shotgun, which appear to be electrically fired. Pictured, a DIY weapon with nine barrels 

Tetsuya Yamagami, center, holding a weapon, is detained near the site of gunshots in Nara, western Japan on Friday

Yamagami jury-rigged the weapon from parts bought online, spending months plotting the attack, even attending other Abe campaign events, including one a day earlier some 200 km (miles) away, media said.

He had considered a bomb attack before opting for a gun, according to public broadcaster NHK.

The suspect told police he made guns by wrapping steel pipes together with tape, some of them with three, five or six pipes, with parts he bought online, NHK said.

Police found bullet holes in a sign attached to a campaign van near the site of the shooting and believe they were from Yamagami, police said on Saturday. Videos showed Abe turning toward the attacker after the first shot before crumpling to the ground after the second. 

Unemployed Yamagami, 41, told investigators he acted because he believed rumors that Abe was connected to an organization that he resents, police said. Neighbours described him as a loner who did not reply when spoken to.

Japanese media reported that the man had developed hatred toward a religious group that his mother was obsessed about and that caused his family financial problems. The reports did not specify the group.

‘My mother got wrapped up in a religious group and I resented it,’ Kyodo and other domestic media quoted him as telling police. Nara police declined to comment on the details reported by Japanese media of Yamagami’s motive or preparation. 

Shinzo Abe taking to the stage with microphone in hand to make a speech while in the background, in a faded green t-shirt, green fatigues and a mask concealing his bespectacled face lurks gunman Tetsuya Yamagami moments before shooting

People gather near the residence of former Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe in Tokyo on July 9

Yamagami lived on the eighth floor of a building of small flats. The ground floor is full of bars where patrons pay to drink and chat with female hostesses. One karaoke bar has gone out of business.

The elevator stops on only three floors, a cost-saving design. Yamagami would have had to get off and walk up a flight of stairs to his flat.

One of his neighbours, a 69-year-old woman who lived a floor below him, saw him three days before Abe’s assassination.

‘I said hello but he ignored me. He was just looking down at the ground to the side not wearing a mask. He seemed nervous,’ the woman, who gave only her surname Nakayama, said. ‘It was like I was invisible. He seemed like something was bothering him.’

She pays 35,000 yen ($260) a month in rent and belives her neighbours pay around the same.

A Vietnamese woman living two doors down from Yamagami who gave her name as Mai, said he appeared to keep to himself. ‘I saw him a couple of times. I bowed to him in the elevator, but he didn’t say anything.’ 

A person named Tetsuya Yamagami served in the Maritime Self-Defence Force from 2002 to 2005, a spokesman for Japan’s navy said, declining to say whether this was the suspected killer, as media have reported.

This Yamagami joined a training unit in Sasebo, a major navy base in the southwest, and was assigned to a destroyer artillery section, the spokesperson said. He was later assigned to a training ship in Hiroshima.

‘During their service, members of the Self-Defence Force train with live ammunition once a year. They also do breakdowns and maintenance of guns,’ a senior navy officer said.

‘But as they are following orders when they do it, it’s hard to believe they gain enough knowledge to be able make guns,’ he said. Even army soldiers who serve ‘for a long time don’t know how to make guns’.

Some time after leaving the navy, Yamagami registered with a staffing company and in late 2020 started work at a factory in Kyoto as a forklift operator, the Mainichi newspaper reported.

He had no problems until the middle of April, when he missed work without permission and then told his boss he wanted to quit, the newspaper said. He used up his holidays and finished on May 15.  

Tetsuya Yamagami, 41, a military veteran, was tackled by Abe’s security detail and then arrested by police on suspicion of attempted murder 

Nara prefectural police chief Tomoaki Onizuka said Abe’s assassination was his ‘greatest regret’ in a 27-year career.

‘I cannot deny there were problems with our security,’ Onizuka said. ‘Whether it was a setup, emergency response, or ability of individuals, we still have to find out. Overall, there was a problem and we will review it from every perspective.’

Abe’s assassination ahead of Sunday’s parliamentary election shocked the nation and raised questions over whether security for the former prime minister was adequate.

Some observers who watched videos of the attack noted a lack of attention in the open space behind Abe as he spoke.

A former Kyoto prefectural police investigator, Fumikazu Higuchi, said the footage suggested security was sparse at the event and insufficient for a former prime minister.

‘It is necessary to investigate why security allowed Yamagami to freely move and go behind Mr. Abe,’ Higuchi told a Nippon TV talk show.

Experts also said Abe was more vulnerable standing on the ground level, instead of atop a campaign vehicle, which is usually the case but was reportedly unavailable due to his hastily arranged visit to Nara.

‘Looks like police were mainly focusing on frontward, while paying little attention to what’s behind Mr. Abe, and nobody stopped the suspect approaching him,’ said Mitsuru Fukuda, a crisis management professor at Nihon University. ‘Clearly there were problems.’

Fukuda said that election campaigns provide a chance for voters and politicians to interact because ‘political terrorism’ was extremely rare in post-war Japan. But Abe’s assassination could prompt stricter security at crowded events like campaigns, sports games and others.

A hearse carrying the body of former Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe has left the hospital and taken him home to Tokyo

On Saturday, a black hearse carrying Abe’s body and accompanied by his wife, Akie, arrived at his home in Tokyo’s upscale residential area of Shibuya.

Many mourners, including top party officials, waited for his remains and lowered their heads as the vehicle passed.

His wife Akie lowered her head as the hearse left the hospital for the couple’s home in Tokyo.

As a hearse carrying Abe’s body arrived at his residence in Tokyo, members of his ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), dressed in black, lined up to pay their respects.

Current Prime Minister Fumio Kishida was expected to visit on Saturday afternoon.

Men and women were pictured weeping and praying next to flowers at a site outside of Yamato-Saidaiji Station in Nara, where Abe was shot. 

Local media reports suggest a night vigil will be held on Monday and Abe’s funeral is due to take place on Tuesday.

Mr Abe, 67, who was Japan’s longest-serving leader when he resigned in 2020, collapsed bleeding and was airlifted to a nearby hospital in Nara, although he was not breathing and his heart had stopped.

Local media reports suggest a night vigil will be held on Monday and Abe’s funeral is due to take place on Tuesday

Pictured: A hearse which is believed to carry the body of former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, arrives at his home

Abe makes a speech before he was shot from behind by a man in Nara, Japan, in an attack which has shocked the world

Nara Medical University emergency department chief Hidetada Fukushima said Mr Abe suffered major damage to his heart, along with two neck wounds that damaged an artery. He never regained his vital signs.

Police at the shooting scene arrested Tetsuya Yamagami, 41, a former member of Japan’s navy, on suspicion of murder.

Police said he used a gun that was obviously homemade – about 40cm long – and they confiscated his personal computer when they raided his nearby home. 

Yamagami had amassed an arsenal of home-made weapons similar to the one used in the attack at his home, along with a number of explosives which have been taken to be destroyed, police say.

It is not clear exactly how he learned to make the weapons, but he is a veteran of the country’s defence forces, having served in the navy between 2002 and 2005.

Yamagami is currently unemployed and had travelled to Nara by train, lying in wait at the station where Mr Abe was due to give his speech before launching the attack. Cops have not said how long he waited.

A chilling image taken just moments before Abe was killed shows Yamagami – an unassuming figure in a green t-shirt and cargo trousers – loitering just behind him.

Yamagami was responding calmly to questions and had admitted attacking Mr Abe, police said, and he had told investigators he had plotted to kill him because he believed rumours about the former leader’s connection to a certain organisation – which police did not identify.

Dramatic video from broadcaster NHK showed Mr Abe standing and giving a speech outside a train station ahead of Sunday’s parliamentary election.

As he raised his fist to make a point, two gunshots rang out and he collapsed holding his chest, his shirt smeared with blood as security guards ran towards him.

Guards then leapt on to the gunman, who was face down on the pavement, and a double-barrelled weapon was seen nearby.

Prime Minister Fumio Kishida and his Cabinet ministers hastily returned to Tokyo from campaign events elsewhere after the shooting, which he called ‘dastardly and barbaric’.

Mr Kishida pledged the election, which chooses members of Japan’s less-powerful upper house of parliament, will go on as planned.

Tearful mourners have laid floral tributes to former Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe who was assassinated during a campaign speech in western Japan on Friday

Men and women weeping and praying next to flowers at a site outside of Yamato-Saidaiji Station in Nara, where Abe was shot 

A woman cries where late Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe was shot while campaigning for a parliamentary election

A woman reacts in front of a makeshift memorial where people place flowers at the scene outside Yamato-Saidaiji Station

A motorcade, including the car believed to be carrying the body of the late Abe, was also spotted during the early hours of Saturday morning outside the Nara Medical University Hospital in Kashihara, Nara Prefecture

A suspect was apprehended and taken into custody, as Abe was rushed to a hospital via helicopter. Pictured: A woman lights joss sticks at a site outside of Yamato-Saidaiji Station

Peoples offer flowers and prays laid at the site where late former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe was shot

Pictured: A Japanese flag is placed next to flowers at a site outside of Yamato-Saidaiji Station where Shinzo Abe was shot

People pay their respects in front of a makeshift memorial outside Yamato-Saidaiji Station

The moment 67-year-old ex Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe was shot dead by a man wielding a home-made shotgun

Footage shows the first shot missed, but the second hit Abe as security tried to block the bullets with their briefcases (right)

 Shinzo Abe, Japan’s former prime minister, has died after being shot while giving a campaign speech in the city of Nara

Killer Tetsuya Yamagami used a home-made shotgun which is clearly visible in the bottom right of the shot

Abe, 67, was about to speak in support of his party’s local candidate when a gunman approached him from behind and fired


‘Incredibly sad news about Shinzo Abe,’ Johnson said on Twitter. ‘His global leadership through unchartered times will be remembered by many. My thoughts are with his family, friends and the Japanese people.’ ‘The UK stands with you at this dark and sad time.’


‘Italy is shocked by this terrible attack, which hits Japan and free democratic debate. Abe was a great protagonist of Japanese and international political life in recent decades, thanks to his innovative spirit and his reforming vision. Italy sends its condolences to his family, to the government and to the entire Japanese people.’


‘The tragic death of former Japanese Prime Minister Abe Shinzo is devastating news… Mr Abe was one of Australia’s closest friends on the world stage… Under his leadership Japan emerged as one of Australia’s most like-minded partners in Asia – a legacy that endures today.

‘Mr Abe was a leader in the Indo-Pacific, championing a vision of a free and open region. The Quad and the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership are in many ways the results of his diplomatic leadership.

‘Mr Abe was also a giant on the world stage – a leader in the G7, the G20 and the United Nations. His legacy was one of global impact, and a profound and positive one for Australia.’


Mr Scholz said he was ‘stunned and deeply saddened’ by news that former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe died on Friday hours after he was shot while campaigning for a parliamentary election.

‘We stand closely by Japan’s side even in these difficult hours,’ Scholz tweeted, expressing his deepest sympathy to Abe’s family.


France expressed its full solidarity with Japan after the killing of former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, the French Foreign Affairs Ministry said.


The Chinese embassy in Japan expressed condolences over the death of former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on Friday in a shooting attack.

‘Former Prime Minister Abe made contributions towards improving China-Japan relations during his term. We express our condolences on his death and send our sympathies to his family,’ an embassy spokesman said on the embassy website.


‘Not only has the international community lost an important leader, but Taiwan has also lost an important and close friend. Taiwan and Japan are both democratic countries with the rule of law, and our government severely condemns violent and illegal acts,’ Tsai said in a statement released by her office.


‘I send my condolences to the bereaved families and Japanese people who have lost the longest-serving prime minister and respected politician in Japan’s constitutional history,’ Yoon was quoted as saying in a statement delivered by the presidential office.

Yoon added that the shooting was ‘an unforgivable act of crime.’


‘I am deeply shocked by the news of the assassination of Shinzo Abe,’ he wrote on Twitter. ‘My thoughts are with the family of our Japanese friend who was always very kind to Poland. May he Rest In Peace.’


‘Deeply saddened by the tragic death of Japanese Former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. I was honored to meet him and work with him on important issues for Japan. My condolences to his family, may he rest in peace.’

Mr Abe was a towering figure in Japanese politics: Serving two terms from 2006 to 2007, and then again from 2012 until poor health forced him to resign in 2020. He remained hugely influential within the Liberal Democratic Party even after office, and was in Nara to support the local candidate ahead of Sunday’s ballot.

Current Prime Minister Fumio Kishida called the shooting an attack on ‘the foundation of democracy’, describing it as ‘heinous’, ‘barbaric and malicious’, and ‘absolutely unforgivable’. ‘I would like to use the most extreme words available to condemn this act,’ he added.

Video taken shortly before the shooting shows Abe arriving at the scene and greeting people before Yamagami steps out from behind a banner.

He walks behind the politician as he starts speaking before pulling the weapon from his bag and firing the first shot. It appears to miss Abe, who turns to look before the second fatal shot is fired.

Abe’s legacy will stand as perhaps the most significant of Japan’s post-war leaders – a hawkish conservative and economic reformer who dragged the country out of decades of stagnant economic growth and made it a power player on the world stage.

Born into a political dynasty, Abe’s grandfather and great uncle had both served as prime minister before him and he was groomed for power from the start.

He first became premiere in 2006 at the age of 52 – the youngest ever to hold the job – but was mired in scandal and abruptly stepped down after just a year while suffering debilitating the bowel condition ulcerative colitis.

He regained the premiership in 2012 and held the role for the next eight years – making him Japan’s longest-serving prime minister – before he was forced to step down again in 2020 when the bowel condition reemerged.

Abe is best-known for his ‘Abenomics’ agenda to revive Japan’s sluggish economy via a programme of vast government spending, massive monetary easing, and cutting red tape.

But he also pushed for reforms of Japan’s pacifist post-war constitution to allow the country to develop a fully-fledged military, and deepened ties with western allies – particularly with the US. 

UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson led tributes to Abe as news of his death spread on Friday, saying: ‘His global leadership through unchartered times will be remembered by many.

‘My thoughts are with his family, friends, and the Japanese people. The UK stands with you at this dark and sad time.’ 

The attack came just before noon in the country’s western region of Nara, where Abe had been delivering a stump speech with security present, but spectators were able to approach him easily.

Footage broadcast by NHK showed him standing on a stage when a man dressed in a grey shirt and brown trousers begins approaching from behind, before drawing something from a bag and firing.

At least two shots appeared to be fired, each producing a cloud of smoke.

As spectators and reporters ducked, a man was shown being tackled to the ground by security. He was later arrested on suspicion of attempted murder, reports said.

Local media identified the man as 41-year-old Tetsuya Yamagami, citing police sources, with several media outlets describing him as a former member of the Maritime Self-Defense Force, the country’s navy.

He was wielding a weapon described by local media as a ‘handmade gun’, and NHK said he told police after his arrest that he ‘targeted Abe with the intention of killing him’.

Witnesses at the scene described shock as the political event turned into chaos.

‘The first shot sounded like a toy bazooka,’ a woman told NHK.

‘He didn’t fall and there was a large bang. The second shot was more visible, you could see the spark and smoke,’ she added.

‘After the second shot, people surrounded him and gave him cardiac massage.’

Abe was bleeding from the neck, witnesses said and photographs showed. He was reportedly initially responsive but subsequently lost consciousness.

Officials from the local chapter of Abe’s Liberal Democratic Party said there had been no threats before the incident and that his speech had been announced publicly.

Kishida said ‘no decision’ had been made on the election, though several parties announced their senior members would halt campaigning in the wake of the attack.

The attack prompted international shock.

Abe – who served in office from 2006 to 2007 and then 2012 to 2020 – was giving a speech on behalf of his Liberal Democratic Party in the city of Nara ahead of parliamentary elections before he was shot (pictured)

Abe’s death was announced by the party six hours after the shooting, and shortly after wife Akie (pictured) arrived at the hospital where he was being treated

Footage taken as the attack unfolded shows the gunman (right) walk out behind Mr Abe (left) before taking his home-made shotgun out of his bag and walking towards the politician

The man fires one shot, which apparently misses Mr Abe (left) who remains standing and turns to look at his assassin (right), before the second fatal shot is fired

Yamagami approached Abe from behind and then fired two shots, according to witnesses, who said the former Prime Minister collapsed after the second shot

Tetsuya Yamagami, 41, a veteran of Japan’s armed forces, was tackled by security (pictured) and then arrested on suspicion of attempted murder  

Police tackle the suspect who is believed to shoot former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe

The weapon used to shoot Abe appears to be a homemade double-barreled shotgun, made by strapping two pieces of pipe to a piece of wooden board

Japan’s strict gun laws 

Guns are extremely hard to obtain in Japan and, as a result, the country has one of the lowest rates of gun violence in the world.

Getting a firearm involves 13 steps, the first of which is joining a shooting or hunting club.

Those who want a firearm must then take a course in gun ownership with a written exam at the end, before getting a doctor to declare them mentally fit.

That is followed by a day-long course at a gun range on how to fire and store a weapon with another test at the end, in which they must achieve 95 per cent accuracy.

Police will then speak with owners about why they want a weapon and conduct a background check that involves interviews with their family, as well as checks on their relations with neighbours, employment history, and financial status.

If they pass, potential owners must apply for a gunpowder licence and get a certificate from a weapon store that allows them to buy a specific kind of firearm – with only shotguns or air rifles allowed.

They then need to buy an ammunition locker and gun safe, which is inspected by police who do another background check. 

Once purchased, the gun must be registered and inspected by police once per year to ensure it is being stored separate from ammunition, and that both containers are kept locked. 

Licences expire every three years, with owners needing to re-take a written exam to renew it. When a gun owner dies, their heir must return their weapons.

Each prefecture in Japan can have only three gun stores, and new ammunition can only be bought by returning old canisters to ensure people do not stockpile it. 

‘This is a very, very sad moment,’ US Secretary of State Antony Blinken told reporters at a G20 meeting in Bali, saying the United States was ‘deeply saddened and deeply concerned’.

Thailand’s Prime Minister Prayut Chan-O-Cha was ‘very shocked’ at Abe’s shooting, while Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi said he was ‘deeply distressed’ by the news.

Abe, Japan’s longest-serving prime minister, held office in 2006 for one year and again from 2012 to 2020, when he was forced to step down due to the debilitating bowel condition ulcerative colitis.

He was a hawkish conservative who pushed for the revision of Japan’s pacifist constitution to recognise the country’s military and has stayed a prominent political figure even after his resignation.

Japan has some of the world’s toughest gun-control laws, and annual deaths from firearms in the country of 125 million people are regularly in single figures.

Getting a gun licence is a long and complicated process for Japanese citizens, who must first get a recommendation from a shooting association and then undergo strict police checks.

Japan has seen ‘nothing like this for well over 50 to 60 years’, Corey Wallace, an assistant professor at Kanagawa University who focuses on Japanese politics, said.

He said the last similar incident was likely the 1960 assassination of Inejiro Asanuma, the leader of the Japan Socialist Party, who was stabbed by a right-wing youth.

‘But two days before an election, of a (man) who is so prominent… it’s really profoundly sad and shocking.’

He noted, too, that Japanese politicians and voters are used to a personal and close-up style of campaigning.

Abe, Japan’s longest-serving prime minister, held office in 2006 for one year and again from 2012 to 2020, when he was forced to step down due to the debilitating bowel condition ulcerative colitis.

He stepped down as prime minister in 2020 because he said a chronic health problem has resurfaced.

Abe has had ulcerative colitis since he was a teenager and has said the condition was controlled with treatment.

Former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is on a stretcher to a helicopter after being shot in front of Yamatosaidaiji Station

Police officers collect forensic evidence from the scene where Abe was shot on Friday while giving a campaign speech

Doctors speak to journalists at the hospital where Shinzo Abe was taken after being shot – revealing that he was ‘bleeding profusely’ from wounds to his neck and heart, and could not be saved

Fumio Kishida, the current Japanese Prime Minister, holds back his emotions while giving an update on Abe’s condition – condemning the attack as ‘heinous’, ‘barbaric’, and ‘absolutely unforgivable’

He told reporters at the time that it was ‘gut wrenching’ to leave many of his goals unfinished. He spoke of his failure to resolve the issue of Japanese abducted years ago by North Korea, a territorial dispute with Russia, and a revision of Japan´s war-renouncing constitution.

That last goal was a big reason he was such a divisive figure.

His ultra-nationalism riled the Koreas and China, and his push to normalize Japan’s defense posture angered many Japanese. Abe failed to achieve his cherished goal of formally rewriting the U.S.-drafted pacifist constitution because of poor public support.

Supporters of Abe said that his legacy was a stronger U.S.-Japan relationship that was meant to bolster Japan´s defense capability. But Abe made enemies too by forcing his defense goals and other contentious issues through parliament, despite strong public opposition.

Abe is a political blue blood who was groomed to follow in the footsteps of his grandfather, former Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi. His political rhetoric often focused on making Japan a ‘normal’ and ‘beautiful’ nation with a stronger military and bigger role in international affairs.

U.S. Ambassador to Japan Rahm Emanuel expressed sadness and shock at the shooting. ‘Abe-san has been an outstanding leader of Japan and unwavering ally of the U.S. The U.S. Government and American people are praying for the well-being of Abe-san, his family, & people of Japan,’ he said on Twitter.

This aerial photo shows the scene of gunshots in Nara, western Japan Friday, July 8, 2022. Japan’s former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe was shot and is reportedly in heart failure 

Earlier in the day, Abe was  in good spirits as he  interacted with supporters before his speech ahead of the House of Councillors election on July 10

Shinzo Abe – the Japanese PM who was born to live on the election trail… and would lose his life there: How former leader became his country’s most famous politician and longest-serving premier

For Shinzo Abe, a life in politics was destined for him – growing up he watched his maternal grandfather lead Japan as Prime Minister and his father work as a foreign minister.

Abe, 67, became Japan’s most famous politician and longest-serving prime minister, with a tenure marked with headline-grabbing moments, from a turn as Super Mario to enduring a 19-second handshake with former President Donald Trump.

Abe, who was shot and killed while delivering a campaign speech on Friday, was pivotal in putting Japan on the world stage – from leading a G20 Summit to hosting the 2020 Summer Olympics.

The former Prime Minister said little about what he thinks his legacy would be, but a key moment of pride for Abe was when Barak Obama became the first sitting US president to visit Hiroshima in 2016.

A conservative and nationalist, he was also known for his closeness to Donald Trump, and his ability to guide and subtly influence the mercurial U.S. president.

US President Donald Trump greets Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe as he arrives for talks at Trump’s Mar-a-Lago resort in Palm Beach, Florida, on April 17, 2018

Abe and his wife Akie met Queen Elizabeth II during a private audience at Buckingham Palace on May 4, 2016 in London

US President Barack Obama shakes hands with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, in the Oval Office following a bilateral meeting between the two leaders on February 22, 2013 in Washington, DC

German Chancellor Angela Merkel deliberates with US president Donald Trump on the sidelines of the official agenda on the second day of the G7 summit on June 9, 2018 in Charlevoix, Canada, as Abe looks on

Abe became Japan’s longest-serving Prime Minister in November 2019, but was forced to step down in 2020 due to the debilitating bowl condition ulcerative colitis.

Abe was also known for ‘Abenomics’, his economic policies designed to drag the country out of a decades-long deflationary slump, and for his support for a strong Japanese military, plus taking a hard line on North Korea.

As a leader of a G7 nation, Abe hosted the gathering of world leaders in 2016, and was seen as a seasoned, wily politician.

Born into a politically-influential family, Abe was first elected prime minister in 2006, and served for a year. He was elected again in December 2012, and dominated the Japanese political scene even after he stepped down almost two years ago due to the inflammatory bowel condition ulcerative colitis. He said his condition had worsened, forcing his resignation.

But he remained extremely influential, described by some analysts as a political kingmaker.

On Friday, Abe was campaigning ahead of elections to the upper house, due to be held on Sunday.

Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, who now leads Abe’s Liberal Democratic Party, was hoping to gain a firmer grip on the factious party and allow him to emerge from the shadow of Abe, his powerful predecessor, and define his premiership.

During his time in office, Abe made building a close personal relationship with former US president Donald Trump a cornerstone of protecting Japan’s key alliance.

In 2016, he flew to New York to chat with Trump after the US election, becoming the first foreign leader to meet him at his Manhattan skyscraper.

The pair regularly golfed together, and Trump was the first head of state to meet Japan’s new emperor.

Abe’s maternal grandfather, Nobusuke Kishi helped found the Liberal Democratic Party in 1955 and served as Prime Minister of Japan from 1957 to 1960. Pictured: Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi (2nd left) holds hand of his grandson Shinzo Abe (1st L) walking with his wife Ryoko (3rd left), son-in-law and lawmaker Shintaro Abe (1st right), his wife Yoko (2nd right) and son Hironobu on July 7, 1957 in Hakone, Kanagawa, Japan

Nobusuke Kishi, Prime Minister of Japan and his wife Ryoko in a Japanese kimono with their grandsons Shinzo Abe and Hironobu Abe (on the lap of his grandfather) in the 1960s 

But there were plenty of awkward moments.

In 2017, a video went viral of Trump almost wrestling with Abe in a handshake that lasted 19 seconds and ended with the Japanese leader visibly grimacing and appearing relieved the encounter was over.

And then there was their 2018 golf game, when Abe tumbled backwards into a bunker and Trump marched down the fairway seemingly oblivious.

Meanwhile, in 2016, Abe made headlines when he decided to show his commitment to the Olympics in an unusual fashion – by appearing as video game icon Super Mario.

He donned the disguise at the Rio Games for the official handover ceremony to Tokyo, appearing to tunnel through the earth from Japan to Brazil thanks to some digital trickery, before popping up in full costume.

‘I wanted to show Japan’s soft power to the world with the help of Japanese characters,’ he told reporters.

Abe said little about what he thinks his legacy would be, but he cited one particular point of pride: bringing then-US president Barack Obama to Hiroshima in 2016.

Obama became the first sitting US president to visit the site, where he paid tribute to victims of the world’s first atomic attack, though stopping short of offering an apology for the bombing.

Later that year, the two leaders made a poignant joint pilgrimage to Pearl Harbor, the first visit by a sitting Japanese leader to the memorial there, issuing symbolic declarations about the power of reconciliation and warning against the drumbeat of conflict.

Abe is pictured here handing the ‘yokozuna’, or grand champion, Hakuho (left) the prime minister’s cup after he finished with a 15-0 victory to win the summer Grand Sumo tournament in Tokyo on May 22, 2016

In 2016, Abe made headlines when he decided to show his commitment to the Olympics in an unusual fashion – by appearing as video game icon Super Mario

Abe’s tenure was also marked by less successful moments including his 2013 visit to Yasukuni, a shrine that venerates the souls of Japan’s war dead – including some convicted by a US tribunal of war crimes.

The shrine is seen by many in the region as a symbol of Japan’s militarism during which much of East Asia and Southeast Asia were subjected to brutal offensives and years-long occupations.

Abe’s visit prompted outrage from China and South Korea and even a US rebuke.

He said the trip was not intended to inflame tensions, but he stayed away afterwards, sending only ritual offerings in following years.

Abe himself seemed destined from the start to enter politics.

His family was a politically-influential clan based in the Yamaguchi Prefecture, to the far south of the country.

Abe’s father, Shintaro Abe, served as Japan’s foreign minister from 1982 to 1982. He also served as minister of trade, of agriculture, and Cabinet secretary, and was a serious contender to become prime minister.

Shintaro’s own father, Kan Abe, served in the House of Representatives from 1937 to 1946.

Abe’s maternal grandfather, Nobusuke Kishi helped found the Liberal Democratic Party in 1955 and served as Prime Minister of Japan from 1957 to 1960.

The younger Abe studied politics and policy in Japan and California, before returning to his homeland to work briefly in the steel industry.

In 1982 he entered politics, first as an assistant to the foreign minister, and then as private secretary to the Liberal Democratic Party’s general council and their secretary-general.

On his father’s death in 1991, Abe decided to run for office, and in 1993 was elected to represent Yamaguchi Prefecture’s first district.

He served as the Japanese government’s chief negotiator on behalf of Japanese abductees seized by North Korea, and in 2002 traveled to meet Kim Jong-il.

Abe is pictured with Russian President Vladimir Putin at the G20 summit in Hamburg, Germany, on 7 Jul 2017, (left) and with the then Vice President Joseph Biden and House Speaker John Boehner as he gets a standing ovation while speaking to a joint session of the United State Congress on April 29, 2015 in Washington, DC (right)

Abe shakes hands with China’s President Xi Jinping in Beijing on November 10, 2014

George W. Bush and Laura Bush (l) meet with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and his wife Mrs. Akie Abe (r) at the Blair House on Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington DC on 26 April 2007

In April 2006, he was elected as the president of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party. In September of that year he was inaugurated as prime minister, at the age of 52 – the youngest person to assume the role since the 1940s.

Abe sought to balance the budget, and set about ushering in a hardline nationalist agenda, with renewed emphasis on the military – something which had been a highly sensitive subject following the Second World War.

Internationally, Abe was critical of North Korea, but worked to strengthen relations with China and India.

His government was unpopular, however, and Abe resigned after a year in the job.

He said at the time that his ulcerative colitis was a factor in his decision.

By 2012 he was back, thanks in part to a new drug, and ran for re-election as prime minister, winning the race in December 2012.

In February 2013, Abe delivered a speech in Washington DC, and declared that he had returned to prevent Japan becoming a ‘Tier Two Nation’, declaring that ‘Japan is back’.

He is remembered for his economic policies, dubbed Abenomics – a set of aggressive monetary and fiscal policies, combined with structural reforms, which were launched in 2013 to pull Japan out of its decades-long deflationary slump.

The policy was based around what Abe termed three arrows: monetary policy, fiscal policy, and structural reform for growth.

Domestically, he strongly opposed what he saw as an excessive emphasis on Japan’s wartime crimes.

Internationally, he was highly visible – touring all 10 ASEAN nations in his first year in office.

Abe married Akie Matsuzaki, a socialite and former radio DJ, in 1987.

The pair have no children.

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